What Is the African Free Trade Agreement

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) is a historic agreement that was signed on March 21, 2018, in Kigali, Rwanda. The agreement is aimed at promoting trade and investment among African countries by creating a single market for goods and services. It is expected to create a market of 1.2 billion people and a GDP of more than $2.5 trillion.

The AfCFTA is a unique opportunity for African countries to unlock their economic potential by removing trade barriers, reducing tariffs, and attracting foreign investment. It is based on the philosophy that intra-African trade is critical to the development of the continent and can help reduce poverty, create jobs, and boost economic growth.

One of the key objectives of the AfCFTA is to enhance trade liberalization among African countries. This involves the gradual elimination of tariffs on goods traded within the continent, including goods that are produced locally. This measure is expected to boost intra-African trade, which currently stands at a mere 16% of the continent`s total trade.

Another important objective of the AfCFTA is to promote sustainable development. This involves the promotion of industrialization, regional value chains, and the development of infrastructure. By creating a single market for goods and services, the agreement will allow African countries to specialize in certain products and services and attract investment in key sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and energy.

The AfCFTA is also expected to boost Africa`s global competitiveness. By creating a market of 1.2 billion people, the agreement will allow African countries to negotiate better trade deals with other regions of the world. This will enable African countries to access new markets, diversify their export base, and reduce their dependence on commodities and external aid.

In conclusion, the African Continental Free Trade Agreement is a game-changer for Africa. It represents a significant step towards the realization of the continent`s economic potential and the creation of a prosperous and united Africa. With the right policies and investments, the agreement can help transform the continent and enable African countries to take their rightful place in the global economy.